humans and animals complementary

Human domestication of other animals has shaped human history.  Dogs, which have been domesticated for at least 10,000 years, have provided humans with guards, hunting aids, carrying aids, and sources of meat and fur.  The domestication of sheep, goats, pigs, cows, and other animals enabled humans to live as herders.  Living in close proximity to … Continue reading humans and animals complementary

evolutionary roots of friending

Non-human animals can have quite complex social relationships.  Consider, for example, greylag geese.  They live in flocks.  Within a flock, the geese recognize closely related birds (kin) long past the period of necessary care for dependent offspring.  In addition, the geese form long-term, opposite-sex, reproductive pair-bonds.  The geese identify close genetic relations (kin) with a much … Continue reading evolutionary roots of friending

communication drove civilization

Symbolic innovation and special forms of communication apparently spurred the earliest, enduring gatherings of large groups of humans.  The city at Tell Brak (Nagar) in northern Mesopotamia grew starting about 7,000 years ago to a resident population of about 10,000 persons 5,600 years ago.  Tell Brak grew mainly through the communicative process of population agglomeration, … Continue reading communication drove civilization