the goal of universal service

In 1913 in its magazine Western Electric News, AT&T associated “universal service” with national political identity.  Universal service meant one policy, one system.  That system was AT&T, the Bell System.

By 1913, the U.S. had become a world leader in the prevalence of telephones.   Small, non-AT&T telephone companies developed rural telephone service relatively rapidly.   Universal service as a federal government communications policy priority developed long after AT&T’s push for universal (AT&T) service.

AT&T advocates universal telephone service

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